A) Their location
B) Number of endemic species with extent of threat to them
C) Developing and developed countries
D) All above
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] A biodiversity hotspot is a region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans. To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot on Myers 2000 edition of the hotspot-map, a region must meet two strict criteria: it must contain at least 0.5% or 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemics, and it has to have lost at least 70% of its primary vegetation. Around the world, 25 areas qualify under this definition, with nine others possible candidates. 3 regions that satisfy these criteria exist in India and they are: The Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, The Eastern Himalayas and Indo-Burma.
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