SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    The complete Mahabharata of 100,000 verses is mentioned for the first time in an inscription of the period of which one of the following dynasties?

    A)  Maurya

    B)  Sunga

    C)  Satavahana     

    D)  Gupta

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The oldest preserved parts of the text of Mahabharata are thought to be not much older than around 400 BCE, though the origins of the epic probably fall between the 8th and 9th centuries BCE. The text probably reached its final form by the early Gupta period (c. 4th century CE). When first narrated, Mahabharata had only 8,800 slokas and Mahabharata original name was 'Jaya' (Jayam) as written by Ganesha. Then Vyasa's disciple Vaisampayana narrated this story to King Janamejaya (Pariskshit's son and Abhimanyu's grandson) along with additional and elaborated stories, during Sarpa Yaagam (A Yagna that is 7performed to bring snakes to extinction by letting them bum in flames as a revenge against Takshaka, a snake who killed King Parikshit) This made it expand to 24,000 slokas and was named 'Vijaya (Vijayam)' and then renamed it as 'Bharata'. In next generation, Ugrasravas, belonged to the Suta caste, who were typically the bards of Puranic literature, narrated this story to sage Saunaka and other sages in Naimisa forest. Ugrasravas (also named as Sutamuni or Suta Goswami) was the son of sage Lomaharshana and belong to disciple chain to Vyasa. The full 100,000 verses of the Mahabharata was completed several centuries later by addition of many stories and was finally named as 'Mahabharata'..

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