SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements:
    1. In the First Round Table Conference, Dr. Ambedkar demanded separate electorates for the depressed classes.
    2. In the Poona pact, special provisions for representation of the depressed people in the local bodies and civil services were made.
    3. The Indian National Congress did not take part in the Third round Table Conference. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    A)  1 and 2

    B)         2 and 3

    C)  1 and 3

    D)  1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] The Terms of the Poona Pact were as under:
    1. There shall be seats reserved for the Depressed Classes out of general electorate. Seats in the Provincial Legislatures were as follows: -
    Madras 30
    Bombay with Sindh 15
    Punjab 8
    Bihar and Odisha 18
    Central Provinces 20
    Assam 7
    Bengal 30
    United Provinces 20
    Total 148
    These figures are based on the total strength of the Provincial Councils announced in the (British) Prime Minister's decision.
    2. Election to these seats shall be by joint electorates subject, however, to the following procedure -All members of the Depressed Classes registered in the general electoral roll of a constituency will form an electoral college which will elect a panel of four candidates belonging to the Depressed Classes for each of such reserved seats by the method of the single vote and four persons getting the highest number of votes in such primary elections shall be the candidates for election by the general electorate.
    3. The representation of the Depressed Classes in the Central Legislature shall likewise be on the principle of joint electorates and reserved seats by the method of primary election in the manner provided for in clause above for their representation in the provincial legislatures. Central Legislature
    4. In the Central Legislature, 18 percent of the seats allotted to the general electorate for British India in the said legislature shall be reserved for the Depressed Classes.
    5. The system of primary election to a panel of candidates for election to the Central and Provincial Legislatures as herein-before mentioned shall come to an end after the first ten years, unless terminated sooner by mutual agreement under the provision of clause 6 below.
    6. The system of representation of Depressed Classes by reserved seats in the Provincial and Central Legislatures as provided for in clauses (1) and (4) shall continue until determined otherwise by mutual agreement between the communities concerned in this settlement.
    7. The Franchise for the Central and Provincial Legislatures of the Depressed Classes shall be as indicated, in the Lothian Committee Report.
    8. There shall be no disabilities attached to any one on the ground of his being a member of the Depressed Classes in regard to any election to local bodies or appointment to the public services. Every endeavour shall be made to secure a fair representation of the Depressed Classes in these respects, subject to such educational qualifications as may be laid down for appointment to the Public Services.
    9. In every province out of the educational grant an adequate sum shall be ear-marked for providing educational facilities to the members of Depressed Classes.

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