SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    April 13, 1919 marked the brutal massacre at Jallianwala bagh. What was the occasion for the gathering at the Jallianwala Bagh ground before the massacre took place?

    A)  To organise a satyagraha against the generally rude behaviour of General Dyer.

    B)  To demonstrate protest against the arrest of their popular leaders, Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal

    C)  To condole the death of a local leader in police custody.

    D)  To protest against the passing of the Rowlatt Acts.

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] The Rowlatt Bill, which curtailed the rights of the Indian people and enabled the government to impose stringent punishments was strongly opposed by the Congress and the freedom movement. Mahatma Gandhi called for observance of protest strike and disobedience movement against the same. It was also decided to observe 30th March 1919 as protest day by fasting, hartal etc. Five people died in the firing by police in Delhi on that day. Protesting against this, countrywide demonstrations were held participated by thousands all over the country. The entire country was in a protest move. In Punjab, the situation was more tense. Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal, who were organising the 1919 All India Session of the Congress in Punjab were arrested and taken away to some secret place. The people who started protesting were fired upon and some were killed. A big public meeting was organised to protest the atrocities of the British on 13th April 1919 (Baishaki day) at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. More than 20,000 gathered in the place to hear the leaders. When the meeting started and leaders started speaking, all of a sudden, General Dyer came there with about 150 troops both British and Indian. Immediately, without any warning, he ordered fire against the people gathered there. It is recorded that 1600 rounds were fired and was stopped only when they ran out of ammunition.

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