|With reference to the Ghadar movement, consider the following statements:|
|1. The first issue of the newspaper 'Ghadar' was published in the Gurumukhi script|
|2. The organizers of the Movement asked the Sikh soldiers to revolt against the British|
|3. 'Sat Sri Akal' was the rallying cry of the Ghadar Movement. Which of the statement given above is/are correct?|
A) 1 and 2
B) 2 only
C) 1 and 3
D) 2 and 3
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] Ghadar party was built around the weekly paper The Ghadar, which carried the caption on the masthead: Angrezi Raj Ka Dushman (an enemy of the British rule). "Wanted brave soldiers", the Ghadar declared, "to stir up rebellion in India. Pay-death; Price-martyrdom; Pension-liberty; Field of battle-India". The ideology of the party was strongly secular. In the words of Sohan Singh Bhakna, who later became a major peasant leader of the Punjab: "We were not Sikhs or Punjab is our religion was patriotism" The first issue of The Ghadar, was published from San Francisco on November 1, 1913. The first Urdu edition of Hindustan Ghadar appeared on 1 November 1913, followed by a Punjabi edition 9 December 1913. The issues were first handwritten before being printed on the press. Careful measures were taken to shield the party and its supporters from British intelligence, which included the measure of memorising over a thousand names of the subscribers so that no incriminating evidence could fall into the hands of the British government.
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