SSC Indian Polity and Civics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    The Fundamental Duties of a citizen of India do not include:

    A)  To protect and improve the natural environment

    B)  To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.

    C)  To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform

    D)  To strive towards abolition of untouchability

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] Article 17 abolishes the untouchability and its practice in any form is made punishable under the law. This was the article which was adopted with the cries of "Mahatma Gandhi ki Jai". Though, this article does not create a right, yet it is a lease of rescue to the l/6th of Indian population from perpetual subjugation, humiliation & disgrace of centuries. To incorporate the article in the constitution as one of the most unambiguous articles of the constitution was the best way to eradicate this evil. To, further strengthen the constitutional provision in Article 15 and Article 17, the parliament of India enacted the Untouchability (offences) Act in 1955. This act was further amended and renamed in 1976 as Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955. This act lays down that whatever is open to general public (or Hindus) should be open to the members of the scheduled castes. No shopkeeper can refuse to sell them, no person may refuse to render any service to any person on the ground of untouchability. The act made provision for imprisonment and fine.

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