|Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a central figure of the social and cultural awakening in the first half of the 19th century. Which of these is/are correct about him?|
|1. He was opposed to worship of idols.|
|2. He was against monotheism.|
|3. He opposed the prevalence of meaningless rituals. Select the correct answer using the codes given below.|
A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1 and 3 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] Raja Ram Mohan Roy stood for the defence of monotheism. Roy's monotheistic ideas were formed as early as 1804, when he published his Persian tract Tuhfat' ul muhwahhiddin (A Gift to Monotheists). Roy's study of the Upanishads had convinced him that Hinduism taught the existence of a single God, or Absolute Reality and that the development of the many deities, and of venerating their images, was a corruption of originally monotheistic Hinduism.
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