|Consider the following statements relating to the Khilafat Movement:|
|1. The Khilafat agitation was launched in 1920 on the question of the future of Turkey which was a defeated power in the First World War|
|2. The educated Indian Muslims were taking serious interest in the affair of Turkey.|
|3. During the Amritsar Congress Session (1919). It was decided between the leaders of the Congress and the Khilafat Committee that the Khilafat agitation would be continued under Mahatma Gandhi's leadership. The Khilafat agitation was highly successful in India and it brought a remarkable change in the British policies Towards India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?|
A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) 1, 2 and 3
D) All of them
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] The Khilafat movement (1919-1924) was a pan Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims in British India to influence the British government and to protect the Ottoman Empire during the aftermath of World War I. It won the support of Mahatma Gandhi and the predominantly Hindu Congress movement because of its anti-British overtones. In India, although mainly a Muslim religious movement, the movement became a part of the wider Indian independence movement. The movement was a topic in Conference of London (February 1920); however, Arabs saw it as threat of continuation of Turkish dominance of Arab lands.
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