|With reference to the Indian Councils Act of 1909, consider the following statements:|
|1. The Act formally introduced for the first time the principle of elections to the legislative councils.|
|2. The Government of India was given general power of disallowing politically dangerous candidates.|
|3. The income qualifications for the Muslim voters were lower than those for the Hindus. Which of the statements given above are correct?|
A) 1 and 2
B) 2 and 3
C) 1 and 3
D) 1, 2 and 3
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] The Minto Morley reforms are known to envisage a separate electorate for Muslims and this had a long lasting impact on India's polity. This was for the first time that Muslim community was recognized as a completely separate section of the Indian nation and this triggered "A Cancer" in India called "Hindu-Muslim Disharmony" which later culminated in India and Pakistan. Separate constituencies were marked for the Muslims and only Muslim community members were given the right to elect their representatives. Now, under the separate electorates, Muslims could vote exclusively for the Muslim candidates in constituencies specially reserved for them. The idea was to establish that the political, economic and cultural interests of the Hindus and Muslims were distinct. The unity between Hindus and Muslims is a illusion and this act sowed the seeds of the Muslim Communism.
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