SSC Geography Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements about soils
    1. Khadar is light coloured and less kankary in composition
    2. Khadar is deficient in lime phosphoric acid and humus
    3. Bangar soils are made up of old alluvium, and are generally dark coloured.
    4. Most of the red soils have been formed by weathering of ancient crystalline and metamorphic rocks. Which of the above statements are correct?

    A)  1 and 2 only    

    B)  1, 2 and 3 only

    C)  2, 3 and 4 only

    D)  1, 2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] Khâdir or Khadar and Bângar are terms used in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and Sindhi in the Indo-Gangetic plains of North India and Pakistan to differentiate between two types of river plains and alluvial soils. Khadir or Khadar plains are those that are low-lying next to a river. Khadar areas are prone to flooding and sometimes include portions of former river-beds that became available for agriculture when a river changed course. It is moisture retentive and sticky when wet. Khadir soil consists of new alluvial deposits and is often very fertile. Bangar plains are more upland, and consist of older alluvial soil. Bangar areas are less prone to flooding but are usually sandier and less fertile as well.

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