SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:
    List- I List- II
    A. Nana Sahib 1. Delhi
    B. Bakht Khan 2. Kanpur
    C. Maulavi Ahmadullah 3. Awadh
    D. Mangal Pa 4. Meerut

    A)  A\[\to \]1, B\[\to \]2, C\[\to \]4, D\[\to \]3

    B)  A\[\to \]1, B\[\to \]2, C\[\to \]3, D\[\to \]4

    C)  A\[\to \]2, B\[\to \]1, C\[\to \]3, D\[\to \]4

    D)  A\[\to \]2, B\[\to \]1, C\[\to \]4, D\[\to \]3

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] At Kanpur, the Revolt was run by Nana Sahib, the adopted son of Baji Rao II, the last Peshwa. Nana Sahib expelled the English from Kanpur with the help of sepoys and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. At the same time he acknowledged Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India and declared himself to be his Governor. The chief burden of fighting on behalf of Nana Sahib fell on the shoulders of Tantia Tope, one of his most loyal servants. At Delhi the nominal and symbolic leadership belonged to the Emperor Bahadur Shah, but the real command lay with a Court of Soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan who had led the revolt of the Bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi. In the British army, he had been an ordinary subedar of artillery. Bakht Khan represented the popular and plebeian element at the headquarters of the Revolt. Maulavi Ahmadullah of Faizabad was another outstanding leader of the Revolt. He was a native of Madras where he had started preaching armed rebellion. In January 1857 he moved towards the North to Faizabad where he fought a large scale battle against a company of British troops sent to stop him from preaching sedition. When the general revolt broke out in May, he emerged as one of its acknowledged leaders in Avadh. After the defeat at Lucknow, he led the rebellion in Rohilkhand where he was treacherously killed by the Raja of Puwain who was paid Rs. 50, 000 as a reward by the British. Even before the outbreak at Meerut, Mangal Pande had become a martyr at Barrackpore. Mangal Pande, a young soldier, was hanged on 29 March 1857 for revolting and attacking his officers. On 24 April, ninety men of 3rd Native Cavalry refused to accept the greased cartridges. On 9 May, 85 of them were dismissed, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment and put into fetters. This sparked off a general mutiny among the Indian soldiers stationed at Meerut. The very next day, on 10 May, they released their imprisoned comrades, killed their officers, and unfurled the banner of revolt. They set off for Delhi after sunset. When Meerut soldiers appeared in Delhi the next morning, the local infantry joined them, killed their own European officers, and seized the city.

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