|Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct regarding the Quit India Movement?|
|1. It was a leaderless movement, with the reigns of the movement in the hands of the masses.|
|2. It was also characterized by the outbreak of violence though Gandhi had given a call for a determined, but passive resistance, 'do or die'.|
|3. The movement failed in terms of achieving immediate objectives.|
A) Only 1
B) Only 2
C) Both 1 and 3
D) 1, 2 and 3
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The Quit India Movement was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for immediate independence. The All-India Congress Committee proclaimed a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called "an orderly British withdrawal" from India. The call for determined, but passive resistance appears in his call to Do or Die, issued on 8th August at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Bombay. Almost the entire Indian National Congress leadership, and not just at the national level, was imprisoned without trial within hours after Gandhi's speech; most spent the rest of the war in prison. It was a leaderless movement, with the reigns of the movement in the hands of the masses. The British refused to grant immediate independence, saying it could happen only after the war ended. Sporadic small-scale violence took place around the country but the British arrested tens of thousands of leaders, keeping them imprisoned until 1945, and suppressed civil rights, freedom of speech and freedom of the press. In terms of immediate objectives Quit India failed because of heavy-handed suppression, weak coordination and the lack of a clear-cut programme of action. However, the British government realized that India was ungovernable in the long run, and the question for postwar became how to exit gracefully while protecting Britain's allies, the Muslims and the princes.
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