SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    The evidences of 'pit-dwelling' have been discovered from which of the following ancient Indian sites?

    A)  Lothal and Kalibangan

    B)  Burzahom and Gufkaral

    C)  Ropar and Rangpur

    D)  Kalibangan and Surkotada

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] The evidence of copper-bronze objects in late neolithic phase at Burzahom, Gufkral and Kanispur suggests a long interaction between the Harappan and Neolithic cultures. The subterranean pit-dwelling of Neolithic men (Aceramic Neolithic/Period I) were cut into the natural soil usually dug out with long stone celts, the cuts-marks of which can still be traced. The pits were circular or oval in plan, narrow at the top and wide at the base having (wooden) post holes on the ground level suggesting a birch cover as a protection against the harsh weather. Some pits were shallower, with depth of about 91 cm (as opposed to 3.95 meters depth) and were possibly either storage pits or those used as dwellings during warmer period. Stone hearths have also been found at ground levels; near the mouth of pits, showing that habitation activities were also at the ground level. Ascribed to the same era are subterranean dwellings of quadrangular section, covered by a layer of birch, with a centrally placed stone or clay hearth and storage pit.

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