SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    An important aspect of the Cripps Mission of 1942 was:

    A)  That all Indian States should join the Indian Union as a condition to consider any degree of autonomy for India

    B)  The creation of an Indian Union with Dominion status very soon after the Second World War

    C)  The active participation and cooperation of the Indian people, communities and political parties in the British war efforts as a condition for granting independence with full sovereign status to India after war

    D)  The framing of a constitution for the entire Indian Union, with no separate constitution for any province, and a Union Constitution to be accepted by all provinces

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] The Cripps mission was an attempt in late March 1942 by the British government to secure full Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II. The mission was headed by Sir Stafford Cripps, a senior left-wing politician and government minister in the War Cabinet of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Cripps was sent to negotiate an agreement with the nationalist leaders Mahatma Gandhi, speaking for the Hindus, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, speaking for the Muslims. Cripps worked to keep India loyal to the British war effort in exchange for a promise of full self-government after the war. Cripps discussed the proposals with the Indian leaders and published them. Both the major parties, the Congress and the League rejected his proposals and the mission proved a failure. Cripps had designed the proposals himself, but they were too radical for Churchill and the Viceroy, and too conservative for the Indians; no middle way was found. Congress moved toward the Quit India movement where by it refused to cooperate in the war effort, while the British imprisoned practically the entire Congress leadership for the duration of the war.

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