|Consider the following statements with regard to spread of communalism:|
|1. It helped the British in preventing unity among Indians|
|2. It earned the British some friends in the Indian society|
|3. It gave the British a justification for continuation of their rule. Which of the above statements are correct?|
A) I and II
B) I and III
C) II and III
D) I, II and III
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The vested interests deliberately encouraged communalism because of its capacity to distort and divert popular struggle, to prevent the masses from understanding the real issues. The British government used communalism to counter and weaken the growing national movement and the welding of the Indian people into a nation. Hindu- Muslim disunity was sighted as the reason for the continuation of the British rule. They favoured one community against the other in services and promotions. The British policy of acting late to crush the communal violence also contributed to the growth of this phenomenon. The British policy of separate electorate was another factor.
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