|Which of the following were reasons for the Congressmen all over the country offering individual Satyagraha in 1942?|
|1. The Congress demand for a national Government had been rejected.|
|2. The freedom of speech against the war effort was denied.|
|3. The British ruler were not prepared to admit that India was a belligerent not of her own free will.|
|4. Gandhi offered Satyagraha himself to cause greater embarrassment to the government. Choose the correct answer from the codes given below|
A) 1 and 2
B) 2, 3 and 4
C) 1, 2 and 4
D) 1, 2 and 3
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The non-violence was set as the center-piece of Individual Satyagraha. This was done by carefully selecting the Satyagrahis. The first Satyagrahi selected was Acharya Vinoba Bhave, who was sent to Jail when he spoke against the war. Second Satyagrahi was Jawaharlal Nehru. Third was Brahma Datt, one of the inmates of the Gandhi's Ashram. They all were sent to jails for violating the Defense of India Act. This was followed by a lot of other people. But since it was not a mass movement, it attracted little enthusiasm and in December 1940, Gandhi suspended the movement. The campaign started again in January 1941, this time, thousands of people joined and around 20 thousand people were arrested.
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