A) When a bill introduced by the state government is defeated in the state Legislature
B) If the President, on receipt of report from the governor of the state, is satisfied that a situation is likely to arise in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
C) If the President, on receipt of a report from the governor of the state or otherwise is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution;
D) When the Governor and the Chief Minister of a state differ on a vital issue.
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] The article 356 of the constitution which focuses on the failure of the Constitutional machinery of the State is often termed as the President's rule. There are various reasons for which President's rule can be imposed on a State. The failure of the State government to function as per the constitution is the first step towards this. Other factors include the loss of majority, breakdown of law and order, indecisive outcome of elections, no alternate claimant to form the government, insurgency, defections and break- up of coalition. It can be imposed initially for a period of six months. In president's rule the state comes under the direct control of the Central government. The authority shifts from the Chief Minister and the council of ministers to the Governor. The assembly is kept in suspended animation (temporary cessation). The Governor gets the power to appoint retired civil servants and some administrators to assist him who will take on the role and responsibilities of the Council of Ministers.
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