|Consider the following statements:|
|1. Wellesley converted East India Company into British Empire by encouraging subsidiary alliance system.|
|2. Wellesley continued permanent settlement in Bengal.|
|3. Fort William College was opened for private training to both aspirants and serving civil servants about India. Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?|
A) Only 2
B) Only 3
C) Both 2 and 3
D) All of the above
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] The doctrine of subsidiary alliance was introduced by Lord Wellesley, British Governor-General in India from 1798 to 1805. Early in his governorship Wellesley adopted a policy of non-intervention in the princely states, but he later adopted the policy of forming subsidiary alliances. This policy was to play a major role in British expansion in India. According to the term of this alliance, Indian rulers were not allowed to have their independent armed force. They were to be protected by the company, but had to pay or the 'subsidiary forces' that the company was supposed to maintain for the purpose of this protection. If the Indian rulers failed to make the payment, then part of their territory was taken away as penalty.
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