SSC Indian Polity and Civics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-6

  • question_answer
    Which of the following is a most appropriate reason for Jammu & Kashmir as a whole of state enjoying special status among states of India under article 370?

    A)  J & K possesses peculiar demographic characteristics

    B)  J & K was brought under the governance of Union of India in special circumstances

    C)  J & K possesses special geographical features

    D)  None of the above

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] India and Pakistan gained their independence from the United Kingdom on midnight of 15 August 1947 1 ST. Jammu & Kashmir, then a princely state under suzerainty of British Monarch, chose to remain neutral not joining any dominion at the time of independence. A Muslim majority state ruled by Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh (then the ruler of the state), government of the state signed a standstill agreement with Pakistan. However, on 6 October 1947, Pakistani Muslim tribes, supported by the government of Pakistan, attacked Jammu & Kashmir on the behest of Pakistan to achieve forcible accession to Pakistan. Maharaja Hari Singh requested assistance from India, and when India requested an Instrument of Accession to India, Maharaja signed it so that India could help in defense. The Instrument of Accession (IoA) gave only limited powers to the Government of India, only about the three subject matters of Foreign affairs, Defence and Communications. It was similar to several hundred others IoA signed between the Government of India and other princely states. Whereas the other states later signed merger agreements, therefore dissolving their states to merge into the Dominion of India, granting sovereignty over them to the Dominion Government, the matter of Jammu & Kashmir was complicated by the ongoing war with -Pakistan, and a binding United Nations Security Council resolution. It was in the pursuance of those commitments that Article 370 was incorporated in the Constitution. The Constitution of Jammu & Kashmir, which Maharaja (later Sadr-e-Riyasat) Dr. Karan Singh signed into law in 1957, is still in force.

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