• # question_answer What is the difference between Sun-spots and Solar Flares? (i) Sun-spots are areas with strong magnetic fields in the photosphere. While Solar-Flares occurs in the chromospheres of the Sun.                     . (ii) Sun-spots emit ionized gas found in the form of persistent stream of charged particles blowing out of corona. While solar-Flares emits intense short-wave radiations (iii) Sun-spots are cooler and darker part on sun's surface. While Solar-flare are powerful eruption or radiations around the Sun. Which of the given statements is/are correct? A)  i and ii only       B)  i and iii only C)  iii only  D)  i, ii and iii

Correct Answer: B

Solution :

[b] Sun-spots: Sunspots in the photosphere (sun's surface) are areas with strong magnetic field that are cooler, and thus darker, than the surrounding region. Sun throws hot material towards photosphere and these results in sun-spots. These are transient dark marking on the visible surface of the sun caused by a relatively cooler area between $5{}^\circ$ and $35{}^\circ$ North or South of the equator of the Sun. Temperature of sunspots is $20000{}^\circ$ lower than the surrounding photosphere. Sun-spots indicates volatility of sun. Sun-spots maxima and minima occur periodically. Time-interval between two successive sun-spots maxima and minimum is 1 years. Solar-Flares: Powerful eruptions or radiations around the sun or associated with the sun-spots. This occurs in the chromospheres of the sun. Solar-flares emit intense short-wave radiation. That intersects with the ionosphere of the earth. This may result in temporary period and appearance of brilliant display of Aurora, at the higher latitudes of the earth closer to Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circles. Aurora is seen in the ionosphere of the earth. Aurora is seen more frequently during sun-spots maximum period.

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