|Punjab and Haryana exploit more than 85% of ground water for irrigation. This is due to:|
|1. Low surface water availability.|
|2. Impact of Green revolution.|
|3. Change in cropping pattern with an increased preference for rice. Select the correct statements using the codes given below.|
A) 1 and 2 only
B) 1 and 3 only
C) 2 and 3 only
D) 1, 2 and 3
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] Punjab and Haryana are battling with crop diversification to reduce depletion of groundwater due to higher area under water-guzzling paddy crop. To irrigate their fields, farmers in both states draw groundwater using tube wells, which has lowered the water table to alarming levels, even if rainfall is deficient or scanty.
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