|Consider the following statements:|
|1. At the current and projected rates of population growth, India will pip China as the most populated country by 2028.|
|2. Year 1921 is known as the demographic divide in the demographic history of India. Which of the above statements is/are correct?|
A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) neither 1 nor 2
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] India will definitely pip China if the rate of growth of population of both the countries continues at the current rate, even if the projected rates of these two countries are considered. During most of the 19th century, India witnessed sporadic, irregular and slow growth of population which drifted into twentieth century until 1921. Since then the population of India has been increasing consistently. However, census of 1921 is an exception as it reported a slight decline of 0.03%. It is because of this decline instead of rise in population that the year 1921 is called the 'demographic divide' in the demographic history of India. This was due to large number of deaths caused by several fatal diseases such as influenza, plague, small-pox, cholera etc. Influenza alone claimed about 12 million lives in 1918. Large number of soldiers also lost their lives in World War I (1914-18).
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