Factors responsible for losses of grains during storage are
(i) Biotic factors These are insects, birds, rodents, mites and bacteria. (1/2)
(ii) biotic factors These are moisture, humidity and temperature. (1/2)
Preventive and control measures are used before the grain are stored for future used.
· Strict cleaning of produce before storage.
· Proper drying of produce first in sunlight and then in shade.
· Fumigation by using chemicals that can kill pests. (2)
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