German middle class decided to vote for an all German National Assembly in 1848
and 831 persons were elected. They comprised the National Assembly.
assembly decided to organise the Parliament at Frankfurt in the church of St
Paul. Thus, on 18th May, 1846, the famous Frankfurt Parliament was convened.
assembly decided that the German nation would be a constitutional monarchy
controlled by the Parliament and offered the crown to the Prussian King,
Friedrich Wilhelm IV. But he rejected it and joined other monacrhs to oppose
the elected assembly.
Parliament also faced strong opposition from the aristocracy and military as it
was dominated by the middle class who resisted the demands of workers and
artisans. As a result of this, the middle class lost their mass support.
the monarchy and military combined together with the aristocracy and won over
the liberal nationalist middle class. This forced the assembly to disband.
Therefore, the Frankfurt Parliament is famous in history as failure of liberalism
and a victory of the monarchy. (5)
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