• question_answer An ideal gas can be expanded from an initial state to a certain volume through two different processes (i) $P{{V}^{2}}=$ constant and (ii) $P=K{{V}^{2}}$ where K is a positive constant. Then A) Final temperature in (i) will be greater then in (ii) B) Final temperature in (ii) will be equal to (i) C) Total heat given to the gas in (i) case is greater than in (ii) D) Total heat given to the gas in (ii) case is greater than in (i)

 [d] From equation $PV=nRT$ ${{P}_{C}}<{{P}_{B}},\,\,{{V}_{C}}={{V}_{B}}$ and ${{T}_{C}}-{{T}_{A}}$ ${{W}_{AB}}>{{W}_{AC}}$       $({{T}_{B}}-{{T}_{A}})>{{T}_{C}}-{{T}_{A}}$ So by 1st law $Q=\Delta U+W$ $Q=\frac{1}{2}nRT\,\Delta T+W$ ${{Q}_{AB}}>{{Q}_{AC}}$