JEE Main & Advanced Physics Thermodynamical Processes Sample Paper Topic Test - Thermodynamical Processes

  • question_answer
    Direction: An ideal diatomic gas is confined in a cylinder A of volume \[{{V}_{0}},\] this cylinder is connected to another cylinder B with the help of tube of a negligible volume. The cylinder B is fitted with a movable piston which can be adjusted from outside. Initially, the piston is adjusted so that volume of B is the same as volume of A i.e., \[{{V}_{0}}\]. B is evacuated and the stopcork is opened so that gas expands and occupies the volume \[2{{V}_{0}}\]. [System is thermally isolated from the surroundings].
    The heat absorbed by the gas is

    A) \[nRT\text{ }\ln \text{ }2\]

    B) \[-nRT\text{ }\ln \text{ }2\]

    C) nRT     

    D) \[-nRT\]

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] From 1st law of thermodynamics,
    \[\Rightarrow \,dU=0\] for constant temperature process
    \[\Rightarrow \,dQ=dW\]
    \[\Rightarrow \,dQ=-nRT\,\,\ln \,\,2\]
    Negative sign shows that heat is released by    the system.

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