• # question_answer Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: In the school kitchen several members of the team complained of one of the senior supervisors - Ranveer. The complaint consists in the fact that he raises his voice and tries to force people for normal behaviors. The school management called him into the office and tried to find out more of his professional background. After a period of discussion the reason for his behavior was found out. He is a former army commander. From that moment the principal tried to explain to him that he is now working in civilian life and team members are ordinary people and that respect is gained by the power of the example and not by the power that his position gives him in the kitchen. Its been almost two years since then and changes in his attitude have been observed. It is important to reflect and analyze the nature of conflict and individual attitudes to it. What was the senior supervisor Ranveers individual attitude that caused a complaint against him? A) He had developed a learned behavior that everything would work properly on a command and applied in all conditions B) He had learned that people work and execute their duties in an order, since they occupy in certain positions assigned C) He believed, that a positional duty of a job should be forced by a command for its execution D) He believed that members should be directed to execute their duties and thats why he is appointed as one of the supervisors

Rationale: (b) Reasoning type: Counterfactual reasoning$\to$involves the human tendency to create possible alternatives to life events that have already occurred Focus of the question: Conclusion and inference$\to$Fact and application Relationship analogy: Cause and effect analogy$\to$the passage describes the cause and effect of an attitude that brought a problematic situation in the school kitchen Both A and B can be correct answer. But still option B is more appropriate. Since, the question requires to describe his attitude, we need to focus on counterfactual reasoning. Ranveer developed this attitude through a conditional learning when he worked as army commander. It framed his attitude to work under a formed structure or positions where there is a commander who commands and there are subordinates who work on command.