• # question_answer Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: Equity and openness in education are concepts many teachers strive to achieve in their own classrooms. The thought of an equitable education is one that many would assume is embedded into the foundation of the school system. This assertion believes that an education will "level the playing field" for students that come from a variety of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. However, many schools sort students based on economic or racial status or the ability level of the student. This sorting process is highly influential in the students lives after education. Thus, higher achieving students will have access to higher education and well-paying jobs, and lower achieving students will not have this same access. It is firmly believed that education should open doors in their future for any student regardless of race, class, culture or disability. Therefore, it is the academic and ethical duty of the teachers to provide an open and fair education for all students to truly make the school system equitable. What is the general belief about education, despite of existence of sorting process? A) Separate educational system for different race, class, culture and disability B) Openness in education is the gateway for equitable academic achievements C) Teachers have ethical duty to provide parity education for needy students D) Sorted students will function better tan un sorted system of education

Rationale: (b) Reasoning type: Comparative Reasoning$\to$comparing one thing against another Focus of the question: Inference$\to$finding the range of truth Relationship analogy: Cause and Effect Analogies$\to$the similarity in these types of analogies derives from the cause on one side and its indisputably connected effect on the other side The question focuses on the truth about general belief about education in a society. The passage conveys that it is firm belief that education should open doors in their future for any student regardless of race, class, culture or disability. This ultimately nullifies the effect of sorting process ideology.