• # question_answer Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: The term "Industrial relations" was emerged in the mid-20th century to describe the involvement between industrial workers and industry owners. As employment diversified into non-industrial work, the broader term 'employment relations' began to be used to describe the functional interactions between workers and employers. The nobles functioning like 'lords and masters' hired their most loyal servants as 'bailiffs' to manage and suppress the rest of the workers. This was the origin of the 'feudal' system under which nobility not only determined wages, but also the taxes for the right to rent and cultivate the land to the government. In an economy that is part capitalist and part socialist, the power dynamic between the workforce, management and business owners is based on the fact that these entities are differently motivated, which impacts who exercises the authority to allocate, organize, manage and compensate the work in the organization. Balancing the needs of the labor force with that of the organization is the challenge that human resources managers deal with on an ongoing basis. Thus, the modem business administration has the combination of all these aspects in it with the requirement of dynamic leadership quality. What is the correct assumption about bailiffs? A) They were the masters who hired employees in industries B) They were the kings who received tax for cultivation C) They were managers who were appointed by masters D) They were Socialists who obeyed orders from government

(c) Reasoning Type: Comparative Reasoning$\to$  comparing one thing against another Focus of the question: Assumption$\to$find the positive assumption about the bailiffs with respect to the passage idea Relationship analogy: Opposite of analogy$\to$ Opposite of a relationship of resemblance or equivalence between two situations, people, or objects, especially when used as a basis for explanation or extrapolation The question focuses on the assumption about the relationship between the concept of modern managers with respect to the bailiffs in mid-20th era. The mangers concept best suits the idea lords and masters hired their most loyal servants as bailiffs to manage and suppress the rest of the workers.