• # question_answer Study the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below: In my opinion, education is supposed to give students a foundation to become productive members of society. Therefore, reinforcing ideas of diversity and openness is essential, from even the lowest grade levels. I think that on the surface, we can perceive our society as very diverse. We are constantly meeting and interacting with people of different races, ethnicities, cultures, and religions. However, I think that diversity should go beyond the surface level of just interacting with someone of a different culture. For society to truly be diverse, I think that a level of understanding is needed of other cultures, ethnicities and groups of people. Schools can say that they have a diverse population of students; however I believe that if the students do not know anything about the culture of their peers, then they are not as diverse as they think. When are the students not diverse as they think? A) When they constantly meeting diverse people B) When they become productive members C) When they do not know the culture of their peers D) When they are reinforced about diversity

(c) Reasoning Type: Inductive Reasoning$\to$ starting from specifics and deriving a general rule Focus of the question: Inference$\to$find the range of truth behind the idea of the author Relationship analogy: Object and Function Analogy$\to$where one factor is object and another one is the related function The question focuses on the inference of the author on his idea that the students are not diverse when they do not know the cultural aspects of their peers. Here, they are not exposed to the diversity than being construed.