UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2016

  • question_answer
    What is/are common to the two historical places known as Ajanta and Mahabalipuram?
    1. Both were built in the same period.
    2. Both belong to the same religious denomination.
    3. Both have rock-cut monuments.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below

    A)  1 and 2

    B)         Only 3

    C)  1 and 3

    D)         None of the above

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Exp. [b] The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra State of India are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE. The caves include paintings and sculptures described by the Government Archaeological Survey of India as 'the finest surviving examples of Indian art, particularly painting', which are masterpieces of Buddhist religious art, with figures of the Buddha and depictions of the Jataka tales. Mahabalipuram has a group of sanctuaries, which was carved out of rock along the Coromandel coast in the 7th and 8th centuries: rathas (temples in the form of chariots), mandapas (cave sanctuaries), giant open-air rock reliefs such as the famous Descent of the Ganges, and the Shore Temple, with thousands of sculptures to the glory of Shiva. The Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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