UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2016

  • question_answer
    In the context of the history of India, consider the following pairs
           Term                                                  Description
    1.  Eripatti Land, revenue from which was set apart for the maintenance of the village tank
    2. Taniyurs Villages donated to a single Brahmin or a group of Brahmins
    3. Ghatikas Colleges generally attached to the temples
    Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

    A)  1 and 2

    B)         Only 3   

    C)  2 and 3

    D)         1 and 3

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    Exp. [d] Taniyurs During the Chola regime, Taniyurs developed out of Brahmadeyas and temple settlements and can include several hamlets and revenue villages. Eripatti A special category of land, eripatti or tank land, was known only in South India. The revenue from these lands was set apart for the maintenance of the village tank. Ghatika The Pallava kings of the ancient Tamil country who ruled from their capital city Kanchipuram from the 4th to 9th centuries AD were known as patrons of scholars and set-up Ghatikas. The Ghatika were the most important educational institutions in South india during ancient times and the most important Ghatika of the Pallavas was located in Kanchipuram. Inscriptions reveal that many of these kings looked after this institution with great care. It was known as an important educational centre even in the 4th century AD and an epigraph of a Kadamba king records that his ancestors, a scholar named Mayura Sharman, alongwith his teacher Vira sharman to this institution from far-away Goa. Ghatikas were separate from temples.

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