UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2016

  • question_answer
    With reference to the Agreement at the UNFCCC Meeting in Paris in 2015, which of the following statements is/are correct?
    1. The. Agreement was signed by all the member countries of the UN and it will go into effect in 2017.
    2. The Agreement aims to limit the greenhouse gas emissions so that the rise in average global temperature by the end of this century does not exceed \[2{}^\circ C\]or even \[1.5{}^\circ C\]above pre-industrial levels.
    3. Developed countries acknowledged their historical responsibility in global warning and committed to donate $ 1000 billion a year from 2020 to help developing countries to cope with climate change.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below

    A)  1 and 3           

    B)  Only 2   

    C)  2 and 3

    D)  1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Exp. [b] Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) reached a landmark agreement on 12th December in Paris, charting a fundamentally new course in the two-decade-old global climate effort. An historic agreement to combat climate change and unleash actions and investment towards a low carbon, resilient and sustainable future was agreed by 195 nations in Paris. The universal agreement's main aim is to keep a global temperature rise this century well below \[2{}^\circ \,\,C\]and to drive efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to \[1.5{}^\circ C\]above pre-industrial levels. UNFCCC Conference of the Parties, or CoP21 agreed to extend the current goal of mobilising $100 billion a year in support by 2020 through 2025, with a new, higher goal to be set for the period after 2025.

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