UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2016

  • question_answer
    With reference to the cultural history of medieval India, consider the following statements
    1. Siddhas (Sittars) to Tamil region were monotheistic and condemned idolatry.
    2. Lingayats of Kannada region questioned the theory of rebirth and rejected the caste hierarchy.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    A)  Only 1             

    B)  Only 2

    C)  Both 1 and 2    

    D)  Neither1nor 2

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    Exp. [c] Siddhas condemned idolatory, they advocated renunciation of the world. To them, the path to salvation lay in meditation on the formless ultimate reality and the realisation of oneness with it. To achieve this, they advocated intense training of the mind and body through yogasanas, breathing exercises and meditation. Lingayats continue to be an important community in the region to date. They challenged the idea of caste and the pollution attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas. They also questioned the theory of rebirth. They believe that on death, the devotee will be united with Shiva and will not return to this world.

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