UPSC General Studies Solved Paper - General Studies-2016

  • question_answer
    Which of the following best describes/describe the aim of 'Green India Mission' of the Government of India?
    1. Incorporating environmental benefits and costs into the Union and State Budgets thereby implementing the 'green accounting'
    2. Launching the second green revolution to enhance agricultural output so as to ensure food security to one and all in the future
    3. Restoring and enhancing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below

    A)  Only 1             

    B)  2 and 3

    C)  Only 3 

    D)         1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    Exp. [c] The National Mission for Green India (GIM) is one of the eight missions outlined under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India's diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures. It envisages a holistic view of greening and focuses on multiple ecosystem services, especially biodiversity, water, biomass, preserving mangroves, wetlands, critical habitats, etc along with carbon sequestration as a co-benefit. This mission has adopted an integrated cross-sectoral approach as it will be implemented on both public as well as private lands with a key role of the local communities in planning, decision-making, implementation and monitoring. Mission Goals ? To increase forest/tree cover to the extent of 5 million hectares (mha) and improve quality of forest/tree cover on another 5 mha of forest/non-forest lands. ? To imporve/enhance eco-system services like carbon sequestration and storage (in forests and other ecosystems), hydrological services and biodiversity; alongwith provisioning services like fuel, fodder, and timber and non-timber forest produces (NTFPs). ? To increase forest based livelihood income of about 3 million households.

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