12th Class Geography Solved Paper - Geography 2018

  • question_answer Explain how 'watershed management' and 'rainwater harvesting' are the methods of efficient management and conservation of surface water resources in India.

    Answer:

    Watershed management and Rainwater harvesting are the major methods of efficient management and conservation of surface water resources in India.
    (i) Rain Water Harvesting: Rain water harvesting is a method to capture and store rain water for various uses. It is also used tro recharge ground water acquifers. It is a low cost and eco-friendly technique, for preserving every drop of water by guiding the rain water to bore well, pits and wells. For eg., Tankas or small tanks.
    (ii) Watershed Management: It basically refers to efficient management and conservation of surface and ground water sources. It involves prevention of runoff and storage and recharge of ground water through various methods like tanks, wells, etc. The success of watershed development, largely, depends upon community participation. ?HARYALI? is a watershed development project of the Central Govt.
                There is a wide scope to use rainwater harvesting technique to conserve the precious water resources. Therefore, both the methods are very efficient.


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