Domingo Paes and Abdur Razzaq were highly impressed with the fortification of Vijayanagara Empire as is evident from their descriptions of the fortifications.
According to Abdur, the important feature of the Vijayanagara fortification was its incorporation of the agricultural tracts, because the rulers were well prepared to face the sieges and its consequences.
A second line of fortification went around the inner core of the urban complex and a third line surrounded the royal centre, within which each set of major building was surrounded by its own high walls.
The fort was entered through well-guarded gates leading to the major roads. Gateways were with defined architectural features.
The arch on the gateway leading into the fortified settlement as well as the dome over the gate is regarded as typical features of the architecture introduced by the Turkish Sultans.
Paes observed that from the outer wall of fort till the palace there were lots of fields of rice and there was a good irrigation system where water came from two lakes.
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