|Causes for the strained relations between India and China:|
|(i) Military conflict over a border dispute between the two countries marred the hope of the two countries coming together to shape the future of the developing world and of Asia particularly.|
|(ii) Soon after independence, both states were involved in differences arising from the Chinese takeover of Tibet in 1950 and the final settlement of the Sino - Indian border.|
|(iii) China and India were involved in Oborder conflict in 1962 over competing territorial claims principally in Arunachal Pradesh and in the Aksai Chin region of Ladakh.|
|(iv) The conflict of 1962 in which India suffered military reverses, had long term implications for India - China relations.|
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