12th Class Political Science Solved Paper - Political Science-2016 Outside Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer
    Globalization does not always reduce state capacity. The primacy of the state continues to be the unchallenged basis of the political community. The old jealousies and rivalries between countries have not ceased to matter in world politics. The state continues to discharge its essential functions (law and order, national security) and consciously withdraws from certain domains from which it wishes to. State continue to be important.
    Indeed, in some respects state capacity has received a boost as a consequence of globalization, with enhanced technologies available at the disposal of the state to collect information about its citizens.
    Read the passage given above carefully and answer the following questions:
    (i) What are the two most essential functions of the state?
    (ii) How do enhanced technologies enable the state to rule better?
    (iii) Justify with the help of an example that globalization gives a boost to the state capacity.


    (i) (a) To defend and secure the boundaries of the State to maintain national security.
    (b) To provide justice and maintain law and order.
    (ii) (a) On the basis of enhanced technologies the State can be ruled better.
    (b) Enhanced technologies enable the State to collect important information about its citizens.
    (iii) In spite of globalization, the primacy of the state remains unchallenged. The State continues to discharge its essential functions without diluting its sovereignty.

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