12th Class Political Science Solved Paper - Political Science-2016 Outside Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer
    How did the Soviet Union suddenly disintegrate? Explain any six reasons.
    Why was the end of the Second World War considered to be the beginning of Cold War? Explain.


    Reasons for disintegration:
    (i) Internal weakness of Soviet political and economical institutions.
    (ii) Soviet Union used much of its resources in maintaining Nuclear and military arsenals. The cherynobyl disaster was one of reason of negligence.
    (iii) The Communist party that had ruled the Soviet Union for over 70 years was not accountable to the people.
    (iv) Ordinary people were alien hated by slow and stifling administration, rampant corruption, the inability of the system to correct mistake it had made, the unwillingness to allow more openness in government and the centralization of authority in a vast land.
    (v) The party bureau craft gained more privileges than ordinary citizens.
    (vi) The Soviet Union had become stagnant in administrative and political sense.
    (vii) Reforms introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev.
    Due to the following reasons the end of the Second World War was considered to be the beginning of Cold War:
    (i) The end of the Second World War was also considered to be the beginning of the Cold War. As we know that the war came to an end when the US dropped two atom bombs on the Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This actions of the US forced Japan to surrender.
    (ii) However, the dropping of two atom bombs on the Japanese cities has always been controversial decision of the US. Critics have argued that the US knew that Japan was about to surrender and it was futile to drop the bombs.
    (iii) Virtually, the US action was akin to one upmanship. It was intended to check the USSR from having military and political gains in Asia and other parts of the world.
    (iv) The end of the Second World War created new power equations along with new and changed arenas of conflicts. The fire of the Second World War extinguished but left some cinders.
    (v) The US and the USSR emerged as two superpowers which were rival to each other. Both sides have capacity to retaliate against an attack and cause lots of destruction, both neither can afford to begin war.
    (iv) Thus, the rivalry between the two superpowers remained a ?cold7 and not hot or shooting war. Both sides followed the logic of deterrence and began to make military blocs. The smaller States were forced to link to the superpowers.

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