12th Class Political Science Solved Paper - Political Science-2018 Outside Delhi

  • question_answer Mention any four Prime Ministers of India and name their respective coalitions that led the Union Government from 1989 to 1999.

    Answer:

    India had faced toughest period in politics during 1989 to 1999, when no popular government came to power. This was the period when coalition alliances government became reality. General elections were held in 1989 to elect 9th Lok Sabha.
    Four Prime Ministers from 1989-1999:
    (1) Since none of the political party could gain majority, V.P. Singh united the entire, disparate parries including National Front with the support of 1 .eft Front and B.J.P. However, lie could remain die Prime minister only during November 1989 to December 1990.
    (2) In June 1991, P V. Narsimha Rao became 9th Prime Minister of India, Fie was known as economic reformer. During that period, Congress took the support from AIADMK and some other small political parties, Narsimha Rao was in office for full term of 5 "years from June 1991 to May 1996.
    (3) In 1996 general election held for electing 11th Lok Sabha. The result of the election was a hung parliament. The BJP formed a government under the leadership of Atal Bihari Bajpayi, where BJP was in minority. Since, Bajpayee could not prove the majority on Lok sabha, he had to quit the government. Pie was the 10th Prime Minister of India, first term for 13 days in 1996 and then from 1998 to 2004.
    (4) Mr. H. D. Devegowda of National Front served as 11th P. M. with the support of congress. He remained in power for the period from June 1996 to April 1997 and his Government collapsed when congress withdraw support.


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