7th Class English Voice and Narration Kinds of Voice

Kinds of Voice

Category : 7th Class

*    Kinds of Voice

 

There are two kinds of voice:  

 

*        Active Voice

In active voice, the object receives the action of the verb.

Example: You play cricket.  

 

*        Passive Voice

In passive voice the subject receives the action of the verb.

Example: Cricket is played by you.  

Rules how to change active to passive:

1.       Subject changes into object and object changes into subject.

2.       Use of helping verb according to Tense.

3.       Use of third form of the verb.

4.       Use of 'by' before a subject which changes into object.  

 

example.jpg

 

Active: He (subject) + writes (verb) + a + letter (object)

Passive: A letter (subject) + is (helping verb) + written by (3rd) + him (object)  

 

Remember

I                               changes       into           me

We                         changes       into           us

They                      changes       into           them

He                          changes       into           him

She                        changes       into           her

Who                      changes       into           by whom

 

Changing of active into passive as per tense  

 

*        Simple Present

 

In simple present tense, use is/ are/ am as helping verb.

Affirmative

Active                   :               You bring a book

Passive                 :               A book is brought by you.

Negative

Active                   :               You do not bring a book

Passive                 :               A book is not brought by you

Interrogative

Active                   :               Do you bring a book?

Passive                 :               Is a book brought by you?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What do you bring?

Passive                 :               What is brought by you?

Active                   :               Who brought a book?

Passive                 :               By whom is a book brought?

 

While changing into passive

Note: Use helping verb according to object in Active Voice.

 

 

*       Present Continuous Tense

In present continuous tense use is/ are/ am + being as a helping verb.  

Affirmative

Active                   :               He is making noise.

Passive                 :               Noise is being made by him.

Negative

Active                   :               He is not making noise.

Passive                 :               Noise is not being made by him.

Interrogative

Active                   :               Is he making noise?

Passive                 :               Is noise being made by him?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What is he doing?

Passive                 :               What is being done by him.

Active                   :               Who is making noise?

Passive                 :               By whom is noise being made?

 

  

*        Present Perfect Tense

In present perfect tense use has/ have + been as helping verb.

Affirmative

Active                   :               He has won the match.

Passive                 :               The match has been won by him.

Negative

Active                   :               He has not won the match.

Passive                 :               The match has not been won by him.

Interrogative

Active                   :               Has he won the match?

Passive                 :               Has the match been won by him?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What has he won?

Passive                 :               What has been won by him?

Active                   :               Who has won the match?

Passive                 :               By whom has the match been won?

 

 

*        Simple Past

In simple past use was/ were as helping verb.

Affirmative

Active                   :               He wrote a story.

Passive                 :               A story was written by him.

Negative

Active                   :               He did not write a story.

Passive                 :               A story was not written by him.

Interrogative

Active                   :               Did he write a story?

Passive                 :               Was a story written by him?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What did he write?

Passive                 :               What was written by him?

Active                   :               Who wrote a story?

Passive                 :               By whom was a story written?

 

 

*        Past Continuous Tense

In past continuous tense use was/ were + being as helping verb.

Affirmative

Active                   :               He was preparing the report.

Passive                 :               The report was being prepared by him.

Negative

Active                   :               He was not preparing the report.

Passive                 :               The report was not being prepared by him.

Interrogative

Active                   :               Was he preparing the report?

Passive                 :               Was the report being prepared by him?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What were you doing?

Passive                 :               What was being done by you?

Active                   :               Who was preparing the report?

Passive                 :               By whom was the report being prepared?

 

 

*         Past Perfect Tense

In past perfect tense use 'had been' as helping verb.

Affirmative

Active                   :               The government had passed the bill.

Passive                 :               The bill had been passed by the government.

Negative

Active                   :               The government had not passed the bill.

Passive                 :               The bill had not been passed by the government.

Interrogative

Active                   :               Had the government passed the bill?

Passive                 :               Had the bill been passed by the government?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What had the government done?

Passive                 :               What had been done by the government?

Active                   :               Who had passed the bill?

Passive                 :               By whom had the bill been passed?

 

 

*         Simple Future Tense

In simple future use shall/ will + be as helping verb.

Affirmative

Active                   :               The Chief Minister will review the situation.

Passive                 :               The situation will be reviewed by the Chief Minister.

Negative

Active                   :               The Chief Minister will not review the situation.

Passive                 :               The situation will not be reviewed by the Chief

Minister.

Interrogative

Active                   :               Will the Chief Minister review the situation?

Passive                 :               Will the situation be reviewed by the Chief Minister?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What will the Chief Minister do?

Passive                 :               What will be done by the Chief Minister?

Active                   :               Who will review the situation?

Passive                 :               By whom will the situation be reviewed?

 

 

*        Future Perfect Tense

In future perfect use shall/ will + have been as helping verb.

Affirmative

Active                   :               She will have reached Mumbai.

Passive                 :               Mumbai will have been reached by her.

Negative

Active                   :               She will not have reached Mumbai.

Passive                 :               Mumbai will not have been reached by her.

Interrogative

Active                   :               Will she have reached Mumbai?

Passive                 :               Will Mumbai have been reached by her?

Interrogative with 'wh' family

Active                   :               What will she have done?

Passive                 :               What will have been done by her?

Active                   :               Who will have reached Mumbai?

Passive                 :               By whom will Mumbai have been reached

 

 

*       Sentence with Two Objects

Active                   :               She writes a letter to me.

Passive                 :               A letter was written to me by her.                                                

     or                                                

     I was written a letter by her.

 

 

example.jpg

 

In few sentences subject is omitted in passive.

Active                   :               Someone stole my pen.

Passive                 :               My pen was stolen.

Active                   :               Everybody builds houses.

Passive                 :               Houses are built.  

 

 

*         Imperative Sentence  

 

example.jpg

 

Active                   :               Help the poor.

Passive                 :               Let the poor be helped.

Active                   :               Switch off the fan.

Passive                 :               Let the fan be switched off.

Active                   :               Open the door.

Passive                 :               Let the door be opened.

 

Modal verb based sentence:

Active                   :               I can buy a bike.

Passive                 :               A bike can be bought by me.

Active                   :               You should win the prize.

Passive                 :               Prize should be won by you.

Note: Use 'be' in modal verb based sentence while changing into passive.

 

Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence

There are specific rules to change the voice of different Imperative Sentences.

(i) Passive Voice of Command / Order or Prohibition

When a command / order or prohibition is changed into Passive Voice, the word 'let' is used in the beginning. The Imperative Verb is changed into be + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\] (Past Participle)

Active                   :               Imperative Verb + object.

Example               :               Close the window.

Passive                 :               Let + Object + be + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\]

Example               :               Let the window be closed.

Active                   :               Imperative Verb + Object.

Example               :               Don't lift the box.

Passive                 :               Let + Object + be + not + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\]

Example               :               Let the box be not lifted.

 

(ii)    Passive Voice of Advice

When an advice is changed into Passive Voice the Object of the advice is changed into the Subject and used in the beginning. The Imperative Verb is changed into should / must + be + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\] (Past Participle)

Active                   :               Imperative Verb + object.

Example               :               Take exercise daily.

Passive                 :               Object + should / must + be + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\]

Example               :               Exercise should be taken daily.

Active                   :               Imperative Verb + object

Example               :               Obey the teacher.

Passive                 :               Object + should / must + be + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\]

Example               :               The teacher should be obeyed.

 

(iii)   Passive Voice of Request

When a request is changed into Passive Voice, a Phrase you are requested to is placed in the beginning. The Imperative Verb gets no change.

Active                   :               Please + Verb + object.

Example               :               Please help me.

Passive                 :               You are requested to + Verb + object.

Example               :               You are requested to help me.

Active                   :               Please + verb + object.

Example               :               Please read this letter.

Passive                 :               You are requested to + verb + object.

Example               :               You are requested to read this letter.

 

Passive Voice of verbs with Two Objects

While changing the voice of verbs with two objects, either of the two objects can be made the subject of the Passive Voice. The other object remains unchanged.

Active                   :               Subject + \[{{\text{V}}_{2}}\] + \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\] (indirect Object) + (Direct Object)

Example               :               Rita gave Rahul a book.

Passive                 :               \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\]+ was/were + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\]+ \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\]+ by + subject.

Example               :               Rahul was given a book by Rita.

Passive                 :               \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\] + was/ 'were + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\] + \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\]+ by + Subject.

Example               :               A book was given to Rahul by Rita.

Active                   :               Subject + V1 + \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\] + \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\]

Example               :               Vishal gave Sanjeev a mobile.

Passive                 :               \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\] + was/were +\[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\] + \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\] + by + subject.

Example               :               Sanjeev was given a mobile by Vishal.

Passive   -            :               \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\]+ was/ were + \[{{\text{V}}_{\text{3}}}\] + \[{{\text{O}}_{\text{1}}}\]+ by + Subject.

Example               :               A mobile was given to Sanjeev by Vishal.

 

 

Question.jpg    

 

Change the following sentences into passive voice.  

 

  The Prime Minister will preside over the meeting.

(A) The meeting will presided over by The Prime Minister.

(B) The meeting will been presided over by The Prime Minister.

(C) The meeting will be presided over by The Prime Minister.

(D) All of these

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (C)

Explanation: The meeting will be presided over by The Prime Minister.  

 

 

  The government look into the matter.

(A) The metter should be looked into by the government

(B) The metter should being looked into by the government

(C) The metter should have looked into by the government

(D) All of these

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation: The mater should be looked into by the government.      

 

 

Summary.jpg

 

  • The voice is the form of verb which indicates whether a person or thing does something or has been done to a person or thing.
  • There are two kinds of voice. They are: Active Voice and Passive Voice.
  • In Active Voice, object receives the action of verb.
  • In Passive Voice, subject receives the action of verb.

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