10th Class English Antonyms / Synonyms Practice Exercise

Practice Exercise

Category : 10th Class



Choose the word which is most similar in meaning (synonym) to the words given in bold.    


1.  Autocratic

(a) Cooperative                                               

(b) Dictatorial                    

(c) Inspirational                                                

(d) Charitable

(e) None of these


2.  Daring

(a) Brilliant                                                         

(b) Energetic                     

(c) Enthusiastic                                                 

(d) Courageous

(e) None of these


3.  Demonstrate

(a) Remonstrate                                              

(b) Show                             

(c) Witness                                                        

(d) Complain

(e) None of these


4.  Deliberate

(a) Purposeless                                                

(b) Perpetrate                  

(c) Intentional                                                  

(d) Intervention

(e) None of these


5.  Defer

(a) Postpones                                                   

(b) Different                     

(c) Accept                                                           

(d) Disagree

(e) None of these


6.  Savour

(a) Taste                                                             

(b) Protector                     

(c) Sour                                                               

(e) Flavour

(e) None of these


7.  Rivalled

(a) Hatred                                                          

(b) Revised                        

(c) Competed                                                   

(d) Contradicted

(e) None of these


8.  Trimming

(a) Skimming                                                     

(b) Arranging                    

(c) Planning                                                       

(d) Cutting

(e) None of these


9.  Pester

(a) Annoy                                                           

(b) Insect                            

(c) Upset                                                            

(d) Paste

(e) None of these


10.  Disparity

(a) Disseminate                                               

(b) Difference                  

(c) Discord                                                          

(d) Difficulty

(e) None of these


11.  Luxuriant

(a) Luxury-loving                                             

(b) Lovely                           

(c) Rich                                                                

(d) Abundant

(e) None of these


12.  Cantankerous

(a) Cancerous                                                   

(b) Ferocious                    

(c) Quarrelsome                                              

(d) Fissiparous

(e) None of these


13.  Onus

(a) Sadness                                                        

(b) Happiness                   

(c) Responsibility                                             

(d) Criticism

(e) None of these


14.  Derision

(a) Humiliation                                                 

(b) Embarrassment        

(c) Ridicule                                                         

(d) Condemnation

(e) None of these


15.  Trite

(a) Commonplace                                           

(b) Clever                           

(c) Brief                                                               

(d) Impudent

(e) None of these


Choose the word opposite in meaning (antonym) to the words given in bold.


16.  Abundance

(a) Scanty                                                           

(b) Tiny                                

(c) Scarcity                                                         

(d) Deficient

(e) None of these


17.  Unanimity

(a) Amity                                                            

(b) Enmity                          

(c) Disagreement                                            

(d) Dissatisfaction

(e) None of these


18.  Vice

(a) Fame                                                             

(b) Virtue                           

(c) Fortune                                                        

(d) Fate

(e) None of these


19.  Renowned

(a) Famous                                                        

(b) Owned                         

(c) Un owned                                                  

(d) Unknown

(e) None of these


20.  Provoke

(a) Soothe                                                          

(b) Incite                             

(c) Smoothen                                                   

(d) Entice

(e) None of these


21.  Meagre

(a) Numerous                                                   

(b) Large                             

(c) Plentiful                                                        

(d) Enormous

(e) None of these


22.  Professional

(a) Amateur                                                      

(b) Tradesman                 

(c) Labour                                                           

(d) Customer

(e) None of these


23.  Scarcity

(a) Scanty                                                           

(b) Prosperity                   

(c) Majority                                                       

(d) Plenty

(e) None of these


24.  Stale

(a) Fresh                                                             

(b) Old                                 

(c) Steal                                                               

(d) Stalk

(e) None of these


25.  Vacate

(a) Evacuate                                                      

(b) Validate                       

(c) Occupy                                                          

(d) Empty

(e) None of these


26.  Florid

(a) Weak                                                             

(b) Pale                               

(c) Monotonous                                              

(d) Ugly

(e) None of these


27.  Verity

(a) Sanctity                                                        

(b) Reverence                  

(c) Falsehood                                                    

(d) Rarity

(e) None of these


28.  Perspicuity

(a) Vagueness                                                  

(b) Dullness                       

(c) Unfairness                                                   

(d) Unwillingness

(e) None of these


29.  Fervent

(a) In excitable                                                 

(b) Enduring                      

(c) Dispassionate                                             

(d) Subdued

(e) None of these


30.  Meandering

(a) Sliding                                                           

(b) Sloping                         

(c) Strained                                                        

(d) Straight

(e) None of these




1.        B 2.        D 3.        B 4.        C 5.        A 6.        A 7.        C 8.        D 9.        A 10.      B
11.      D 12.      C 13.      C 14.      C 15.      A 16.      C 17.      C 18.      B 19.      D 20.      A
21.      C 22.      A 23.      D 24.      A 25.      C 26.      B 27.      C 28.      A 29.      C 30.      D





  1. (b) The word 'autocratic means: despotic; using power in a cruel way or an unreasonable way; dictatorial.    
  2. (d) The word 'daring' means: brave; willing to do dangerous or unusable thing; courageous. Example: The gallery was known for putting on daring exhibitions.    
  3. (b) The word 'demonstrate' means; to show something clearly by giving evidence; to show by your actions; display. Example: You need to demonstrate more self-control.    
  4. (c) The word 'deliberate' means: intentional; planned done on purpose rather than by accident. Example: The speech was a deliberate attempt to embarrass the government.    
  5. (a) The word 'defer' means: postpone; to delay something until a later time; put off. Example: The department deferred the decision for six months.    
  6. (a) The word 'savour' means: a taste or smell, especially a pleasant one.    
  7. (c) The word 'rival' (as Noun) means: a person or company or thing that competes with another in sport, etc. As Verb, it means: to be as impressive as somebody/something else; compare with, compete.    
  8. (d) The word 'trim' means: to make something neater, smaller, etc. by cutting parts from it; to cut away unnecessary parts from something. Example: He trimmed two centimeters off the hem of the trousers. The correct synonym should be 'cutting'.    
  9. (a) The word 'pester' means: to annoy somebody; badger. Example: Journalists pestered neighbours for information.    
  10. (b) The word 'disparity' means: a difference, especially one connected with unfair treatment.    
  11. (d) The word 'luxuriant' means: growing thickly and strongly; rich in something that is pleasant or beautiful; abundant.    
  12. (c) The word 'cantankerous' means: bad tempered and always complaining.    
  13. (c) The word 'onus' means: the responsibility for something. Example: The onus is on employers to follow health and safety laws.    
  14. (c) The word 'derision' means: ridicule; mockery; a strong feeling that somebody/something is ridiculous and not worth considering seriously.    
  15. (a) The word 'trite' means: dull and boring because it has been expressed so many times before; not original; banal; very ordinary and containing nothing that is interesting or important. Hence, 'trite' and 'commonplace' are synonymous.    
  16. (c) The word 'abundance' means: a large quantity that is more than enough. The word 'scarcity' means: shortage; if there is scarcity of something there is not enough it and it is difficult to obtain it. Hence, the correct antonym would be 'scarcity'.    
  17. (c) The word 'unanimity' means: complete agreement about something among a group of people. Its antonym should be 'disagreement'.  
  18. (b) The word 'vice' means: evil or immoral behaviour; criminal activities that involve sex or drugs. Its antonym should be 'virtue' which means: a particular moral quality or habit. Example: Greed is a terrible vice; Wisdom is a virtue.    
  19. (d) The word 'renowned' means: famous and respected; celebrated; noted. Its antonym should be 'unknown' which means: not famous or well known.    
  20. (a) The word 'provoke' mean: to cause a particular reaction; goad. The word 'soothe' means: calm; mitigate; satisfy; relieve. Example: The announcement provoked a storm of protest.    
  21. (c) The word 'meagre' means: small in quantity and poor in quality; paltry. Example: He supplements his meager income by teaching at night. The word 'plentiful' means: abundant; available in large amounts or numbers. Therefore, the antonym of 'meagre' should be 'plentiful'.    
  22. (a) The word 'professional' means: a person connected with a job that needs special training or skill; showing that somebody is well trained and extremely skilled; competent person. The word 'amateur' means: a person who is not skilled.    
  23. (d) The word 'scarcity' means: shortage; not enough. The word 'plenty' means: a situation in which there is a large supply. Example: We had food and drink in plenty.    
  24. (a) The word 'stale' means: no longer fresh and therefore unpleasant to eat. Its antonym should be 'fresh'.    
  25. (c) The word 'vacate' means: to leave a building, seat, etc.; to leave a job. Its antonym should be 'occupy' which means: to fill or use a space, an area, to live or work in a room.    
  26. (b) The word 'florid' means: rosy; gaudy; ornate; red; having too much decoration or detail. The word 'pale' means: light in colour; not strong or bright; having skin that is almost white because of illness. Hence, the words 'florid' and 'pale' are antonyms.    
  27. (c) The word 'verity' means: a belief or principle about life that is accepted as true; truth. Hence, the word 'verity' and 'falsehood' are antonyms.    
  28. (a) The word 'perspicuity' means: clarity. The word 'vagueness' means: no clarity in a person's mind. Hence, they are antonyms.
  29. (c) The word 'fervent' means: having or showing very strong and sincere feelings about something; ardent. The word 'dispassionate' means: not influenced by emotion; impartial. Hence, the words 'fervent' and 'dispassionate' are antonyms.    
  30. (d) The word 'meandering' means: not straight; curved; a course that does not follow a straight path. Hence, the words 'meandering' and 'straight' are antonyms.        





  • A synonym is a word that has the same meaning as another word.
  • Synonyms are different words with almost identical or similar meanings.
  • Synonyms can be any part of speech (e.g., nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or prepositions), as long as both members of the pair are the same part of speech.
  • Opposites are words that lie in an inherently incompatible binary relationship as in the opposite pairs.        





Father: mother, husband: wife, black: white, etc. The notion of incompatibility here refers to fact that one word in an opposite pair entails that it is not the other pair member.      




  • Words that are synonyms are said to be synonymous.
  • The state of being a synonym is called synonymy.      





The words car and automobile are synonyms. Similarly, if we talk about a long time or an extended time, long and extended become synonyms. In the figurative sense, two words are often said to be synonymous if they have the same connotation.

  • The relationship between opposites is known as opposition.
  • The term antonym has also been commonly used as a term that is synonymous with opposite; however, the term also has other more restricted meanings.      




  • Synonyms are defined with respect to certain senses of words.      





Pupil as the 'aperture in the iris of the eye' is not synonymous with student. Similarly, he expired means the same as he died, yet my passport has expired cannot be replaced by 'my passport has died'.

  • According to some lexicographers, no synonyms have exactly the same meaning.
  • Opposites are simultaneously different and similar in meaning.
  • Typically, they differ in only one dimension of meaning, but are similar in most other respects.  

Other Topics

You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner