Resources and Development - Important Terms and Concepts
Category : 10th Class
Resources and Development
Important Terms And Concepts
- Objects or things in the environment that fulfill the basic needs of man which are technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable.
- Natural Resources. Resources which are endowments/gifts of nature like rivers, mountains, forests, etc.
- Resource Development. An exercise that makes it possible to utilize the available natural resources for human satisfaction.
- Biotic Resources. Resources obtained from biosphere or living things like plants, animals and human beings.
- Abiotic Resources. Resources available from mm living things like rocks, mountains, rivers, etc.
- Renewable Resources. Resources which can be used again and again and are inexhaustible, g., forests, wildlife, water, etc.
- Non Renewable Resources. Resources which cannot be used again and again and are exhaustible like minerals.
- Individual Resources. Resources owned privately by individuals.
- Community Resources. Resources which are available to all members of the community, g., marriage hall, well and ponds, etc.
- National Resources. Resources which belongs to all the people of a nation/country that lie within the political boundaries and territorial water.
- International Resources. Resources which are commonly shared between countries of the world and are owned and controlled by international organizations that lie beyond 200 km of the exclusive economic zone.
- Potential Resources. Resources which are estimated in terms of their availability but will be developed in the near future.
- Developed Resources. Resources which have been surveyed and developed for meeting the needs of the present generation.
- Materials in the environment which are capable of satisfying the basic needs of man but are not developed due to lack of technology.
- Contour Ploughing. Ploughing along the contour lines instead of up and down the slope.
- Resource Planning. Strategy for systematic and planned utilization of resources for sustainable development.
- Conservation of Resources. Careful utilization and management of resources by man for sustainable development.
- Human made Resources. Resources created by man through his skills and intelligence like machines, buildings, cities, etc.
- Land Use pattern. Land utilization data available for a country during a given period.
- Land Degradation. It is the process by which land becomes unfit for human use either by natural or human activities.
- Uppermost layer of the earth consisting of organic and inorganic materials.
- Soil Erosion. Washing away or denudation of the top soil by agents of gradation.
- New alluvium, highly fertile soil, found close to the river channel.
- Old alluvium, less fertile soil, found away from the river channel.
- Gully Erosion predominant along steep slopes caused by the action of rainwater.
- Sheet Erosion. Erosion of the top soil along gentle slopes caused by rainwater.
- Land consisting of numerous gullies and ravines.
- Process of carrying away of soil nutrients by rainwater.
- A part of the resource which can be profitably developed in the near future with the development of technology.