4th Class English Pronouns Types of Pronoun

Types of Pronoun

Category : 4th Class

*    Types of Pronoun


There are eight types of pronoun. They are:

  •   Personal Pronoun
  •   Demonstrative Pronoun
  •   Interrogative Pronoun
  •   Reflexive Pronoun
  •   Possessive Pronoun
  •   Distributive Pronoun
  •   Indefinite Pronoun
  •   Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun  


*       Personal Pronoun

The pronouns that are used in place of a person, place or a thing is called personal pronoun.  




  •   He wants to teach the children.
  •   She smiles in every situation.
  •   They are outstanding in their role.
  •   You are indulged into malpractices.
  •   I am surprised to see you here right now.  


*      Analysis

In the above given sentences, the words he, she, they, you and I are used for person. So these are personal pronoun.  


*     Note:

I, me, he, she, him, her, you = a person you, we, us = people it = thing they, them = things or people When you are writing in English "I" (first person singular) is always capitalized.  


*     Below given is the list of personal pronoun

I                               My                         Me                         We

Us                           Our                        You                        Your

He                          She                        It                              They  


*        Demonstrative Pronouns

The Pronouns that are used to point out the object we talk about are called Demonstrative Pronouns. There are four demonstrative pronoun. They are this, that, these, those.  




  •   This is a tedious task.
  •   That shirt is of RS. 400.
  •   These all things that are scattered over here are mine.
  •   Those all things are yours.  


*    Analysis

In the above given sentences this, that, these and those indicate something. So, these are demonstrative pronouns.  


*    NOTE:

  •   This and these refer to nouns that are nearby in time or space.
  •   That and those refer to nouns that are further away in time or space.
  •   This and that refer to singular nouns.
  •   These and those refer to plural nouns.  


*      Interrogative Pronoun

The pronoun which is used to ask a question is called Interrogative Pronoun.  




  •   Who has tried to disclose the secret?
  •   What are your expectations?
  •   Which one of the following is correct?
  •   Whom do you praise?  


*      Analysis

In the above given sentences who, what and whom are used for asking questions.So, these are Interrogative pronoun.  


*       Reflexive Pronouns

A reflexive pronoun is used to show the effect of the action done by the subject on itself. We use a this pronoun when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence.  


*       There are eight kinds of reflexive pronoun. These are given in the following table:  

                      Subject Reflexive
Singular I, You, She, It my self yourself, himself, herself, Itself
Plural We, You, They Ourselves, Yourselves, themselves




  •   I hurt myself.
  •   We defended ourselves brilliantly.
  •   John talks to himself when he is nervous.  


*      Analysis

In first example, the reflexive pronoun is 'myself' that refers to the subject 'l'. In second example, the reflexive pronoun 'ourselves' refers back to the subject of the sentence. In third example, 'himself' refers to John.  


*     NOTE:

  •   Reflexive pronoun reflects back on the subject, like a mirror.
  •   Reflexive pronoun end in 'self' of 'selves'.  


*      Possessive Pronoun

The pronoun which shows possession is called possessive pronoun. Possessive Pronouns are used when we want to substitute a group of words that are indicating a possession relation.  




  •   This car is ours.
  •   This is your disk and that's mine.
  •   This book is yours.  


*      Analysis

In the given examples the words 'ours', 'mine', and 'yours' is showing possession relation. So, these are possessive pronouns.  


*     NOTE:

  •    A possessive pronoun indicates it is acting as a subject complement or a subject of the sentence.
  •    Possessive pronouns are very similar to possessive adjectives.  


*       Below given is a list of possessive pronouns  

Subject                                Possessive

I                                                               Mine

You                                                        Yours

He                                                         His  


*       Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun

The pronoun, which is used to emphasize the subject (noun) who has done the action, is called emphatic or emphasizing pronoun.  




  •   I myself have finished the work.
  •   Sita herself has designed the dress.
  •   They themselves have to be blamed for the loss.  


*       Analysis

In first example the word 'myself is emphasizing the action of the noun 'l'. In second sentence, the word 'herself' is emphasizing the action of noun 'Sita'. In third sentence, the word 'themselves' is emphasizing the action of the noun 'they'. So, these are emphasizing pronouns.  


*       Distributive Pronoun

The pronoun which is used as distribute of persons or a thing is called distributive pronoun.  




  •  Either of the highways goes to the town.
  •  Each of the girls got a prize.
  •  Neither of the players are playing.    


*       Analysis

In the above given sentences each refers to everyone of a group of persons or things taken separately, either means one or the other of the two, neither means not one n or the other of the two. So these are distributive pronouns.  


*      NOTE:

Either and neither can be used only when speaking about two persons or things, When speaking about more than two persons any, no one, none should be used,  


*       Indefinite Pronoun

A pronoun that does not refer to any specific person, thing or amount is called Indefinite pronoun. Indefinite pronouns are: All, anyone, anybody, anything, everybody, everyone, everything, nobody, none, somebody, someone, some, any, several, few, many  




  •   Anyone can do this work.
  •   Everybody will come here.
  •   All roads lead to market.  


*      Analysis

In the given sentences the words 'anyone', 'everybody' and 'all' is not refer ring to any definite person or thing. Therefore these are Indefinite pronoun. Indefinite means 'not definite'.  


*      NOTE:

Most indefinite pronouns are either singular or plural. However, some of them can be singular in one context and plural in another.  

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