# 5th Class Mental Ability Visual Reasoning Visual Reasoning

Visual Reasoning

Category : 5th Class

Visual Reasoning

Objectives

·                     To identify relationship, similarities and differences between shapes and patterns.

·                     To recognise visual sequences and relationships between objects and remembering these.

Introduction

Visual reasoning is the process of manipulating one's mental image of an object to reach a certain conclusion.

Types of Question

Types of Visual Reasoning

1. Paper Folding and Cutting

In these types of questions, there are three or four figures given in one line. Each figure followed a pattern. Each figure consists of a dotted line along which it is to be folded and the arrow shows the side which it is to be folded.

After folding, the paper is cut or punched and then students have to visualize the correct figure that will be produced when the paper is unfolded.

Direction (Example 1): In the following example, a piece of paper is folded and cut and then unfolded. One of the four options resembles the unfolded paper. Select the correct option.

Example 1:

(a)                             (b)

(c)                             (d)

Ans. (b)

The punch is made at the corner of the folded paper near the top of the left end. So, the unfolded paper shows equidistance punches.

2. Merging and Splitting of Images

Merging of images: In this segment, there are two different images. The student has to visualize the resulting image which will be produced by merging these two images.

Direction (Example 2): Two different images (x) and (y) are given which will be merged to form an image which appears in one of the options given below. Identify the correct option.

Example 2:

(a)                             (b)

(c)                            (d)

Ans. (b)

3. Completion of Image

In these types of questions, a particular matrix or a set of figures follows a particular pattern, out of which one part, generally a quarter, is left blank. Now, the student has to identify the missing part out of four alterative that follow the pattern.

Direction (Example 3): Complete the given figure.

Example 3:

(a)                             (b)

(c)                              (d)

Ans. (d)

Example 4:

Complete the given figure.

(a)               (b)

(c)               (d)

Ans. (c)

Solution: From the given four alternatives, figure (c) will correctly fit into the missing section.

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