SITUATION REACTION TEST
Category : 7th Class
Situation Reaction Tests (SRTs) are a type of psychological test which present the test-taker with realistic, hypothetical scenarios and ask the individual to identify the most appropriate response or to rank the responses in the order they feel is most effective. SRTs can be presented to test-takers through a variety of modalities, such as booklets, films, or audio recordings. SRTs represent a distinct psychometric approach from the common knowledge-based multiple choice item.
SRTs tend to determine behavioural tendencies, assessing how an individual will behave in a certain situation, and knowledge instruction, which evaluates the effectiveness of possible responses. These tests could also reinforce the status quo with an organization.
Unlike most psychological tests SRTs are not acquired 'off-the-shelf, but are in fact designed as a bespoke tool, tailor-made to suit the individual role requirements. This is because SRTs are not a type of test with respect to their content, but are a method of designing tests.
The validity of the test corresponds to the types of questions being asked. Knowledge instruction questions correlate more highly with general mental ability while behavioural tendency questions correlate more highly with personality.
Students' knowledge of interpersonal behaviour showed progressive validity over cognitive factors for predicting academic and post academic success. There are many problems within scoring SRTs. "Attempts to address this issue include expert-novice differences, where an item is scored in the direction favouring the experts after the average ratings of experts and novices on each item are compared; expert judgment, where a team of experts decides the best answer to each question; target scoring, where the test author determines the correct answer; and consensual scoring, where a score is allocated to each option according to the percentage of people choosing that option."
No special training, knowledge, or experience is required in order to take this type of test. A candidate's answers should draw on general knowledge and life experience only.
During the test it is important that you read each scenario and each possible response, before answering the question or assigning rankings. The first option available may seem very sensible, but it is important to avoid assigning any rankings until you have considered each option carefully. For example, the last option available may be an even more sensible option and the most effective response.
Bear in mind that you are not being asked to judge if an option is right or wrong, just to evaluate which is the best (and worst) option available to you from those provided. For questions that ask you to rank responses in number order, it is important to note that the ranking is relative. All the available options may be effective, or they may all be ineffective. It is your job to decide on the relative rank, rather than to decide if each option is right or wrong.
Use only the information provided in the question. Do not make assumptions during the SRTs.
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