Antonyms and Synonyms

Category : 9th Class

 

Antonyms and Synonyms

 

Antonyms: Those words which are opposite in meaning to the given words are known as antonyms.

 

S. No.

Word

Antonym

1.

Communicative

Reticent

2.

Retain

Spare

3.

Escalate

Subside

4.

Terrible

Delightful

5.

Baggy

Tight

6.

Addition

Subtraction

7.

Loyal

Disloyal

8.

Evacuate

Admit

9.

Condense

Expand

10.

Tranquil

Agitated

11.

Attract

Defense

12.

Gratuity

Wages

13.

Eclipse

Shine

14.

Degenerate

Progress

15.

Wreck

Restore

16.

Deliberate

Impulsive

17.

Flaccid

Taut

18.

Impound

Release

19.

Comply

Refuse

20.

Stringent

Lenient

21.

Ignore

Redress

22.

Mitigate

Aggravate

23.

Goblin

Angel

24.

Hamper

Hasten

25.

Malicious

Generous

 

 

Synonyms: The words which are similar in meaning to the given words are known as synonyms.

 

S. No.

Word

Synonym

1.

Buff

Enthusiast

2.

Bluster

Threat

3.

Brash

Aggressive

4.

Applaud

Praise

5.

Identify

Recognize

6.

Conceal

Hide

7.

Rectify

Mend

8.

Impinge

Strike

9.

Tentative

Provisional

10.

Obtuse

Dumb

11.

Recollect

Remember

12.

Thrift

Economy

13.

Stringent

Strict

14.

Prevent

Stop

15.

Gorgeous

Dazzling

16.

Improvement

Betterment

17.

Restitute

Repair

18.

Retribution

Punishment

19.

Appraisal

Estimation

20.

Luminary

Famous

21.

Exotic

Unusual

22.

Estrange

Alienate

23.

Pensive

Wistful

24.

Whimper

Cry

25.

Hybrid

Crossbreed

26.

Minimum

Minimal

27.

Tedious

Tiresome

 

 

Idioms and Phrases

An idiom is an expression, a word, or a phrase. The meaning of an idiom is completely different from the literal meaning of its individual elements. Idioms do not mean the same as what the words say but have a hidden meaning.

A phrase has two or more words which are related to each other. A phrase does not contain a verb and a subject.

Below are mentioned some idioms and phrases to develop your understanding

1.    An arm and a leg- Extremely expensive or costly

2.    Go the extra mile- To make a special effort

3.    Couch potato- A person who watches a lot of television and does little or no exercise

4.    Way around- To find an alternative or solution for something

5.    All ears- To be attentive

 

Homonyms

Homonyms are two or more words having same pronunciation or spelling but different meanings.

 

Look at the following examples.

1.    Air- The invisible gaseous substance which surrounds the earth

Heir- A person lawfully entitled to the property or rank of another on that person's death

2.    Beach- A sandy shore especially by the sea

Beech- A large tree with smooth grey bark and glossy leaves

3.    Patience- The capacity to accept or tolerate problems

Patients- Sick people who receive medical treatment

 

Other Topics

Notes - Antonyms and Synonyms
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