9th Class Science Diversity in Living Organisms Introduction

Introduction

Category : 9th Class

*        Introduction

 

There are large variety of living organism in this world and each organism is unique in its own way. This uniqueness of each organism is called diversity.

Due to large diversity it is necessary to classify the organisms. The biological science which deals with the identification, naming and classification of organism is called Taxonomy. In science we normally follow binomial nomenclature i.e. each organism is given two name, the first name is called genus and the second name is called species. The genus represents the community to which the organism belongs and the second name represents specific organism to which it belongs. Linnaeus is considered to be the father of taxonomy as he developed the binomial system of nomenclature. The scientific name of some of the common organisms are given below:

 

SL. No. Common Name Scientific Name

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

Lion

Tiger

Dog

Cat

Rat

Mango

Neem

Potato

Lotus

Honey Bee

Ant

Peacock

Panther Leo

Pinthra Tigress

Canis Lupus

Felis Catus

Tattus Norvegicus

Mangifera Indica

Azadirachta Indica

Solanum Tuberosum

Nelumbo Nucifera

Apis Mellifera

Formicidae

Pavo Cristatus

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