2nd Class Science Living and Non-living Things Intake of Food

Intake of Food

Category : 2nd Class

*    Intake of Food


Eating is the process of taking food that provides the living things nutrition, that is, energy for growth. Plants also need food to survive. See some facts about the intake of food of living things.


*       Food for Human

Human is the most knowledgeable living organism. They require food to provide them nutrients, like carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, water etc.


*     To get these nutrients, human eat following food items:

Cereals like rice, wheat, oat, great millet, pearl millet etc.

Pulses of gram, lentil, pigeon pea etc.

Fruits and vegetables

Non vegetarian food items like mutton, chicken, beef, pork, fish, eggs etc.

Milk, curd, ghee, butter, cheese, paneer etc.



*       Food for Animals

Some animal eats flesh of other animals. For example lion, tiger etc.

Some animals do not eat flesh of other animals. Therefore, they survive on grasses, leaves, cereals, fruits and vegetables. Such animals are cow, goat, ass, monkey, elephant etc.

Some animal eats both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food items like dog, bear, etc.


*       Food of Plants

Plants make their food by the process of photosynthesis. In this process they use, oxygen, carbon dioxide, sunlight and water to make sugar.





    Which one of the following living things eat flesh?

(a) Lion

(b) Cow

(c) Parrot  

(d) Squirrel


Answer: (a)


Lions eat flesh. Therefore, option (A) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.



     Which one of the following is true?

(a) Living things cannot move

(b) Living things do not take part in reproduction

(c) Living things do not eat

(d) Living things take part in reproduction


Answer: (d)


Living things produce their offspring. Therefore, option (D) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.



 you know.jpg

Trees are the longest living organism on the earth.

Blue whale is the heaviest known animal on the earth.

The saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptile.




Living things grow but non living things do not.

Changes take place inside the body of living things but not possible in case of non living things.

Living things can be healthy and sick from time to time, but this does not happen in case of non living things.

Generally living things hear sound and non living things do not posses this quality.

Living things take part in their reproduction, but non living things do not posses such quality.

Living things eat and breath, but non living things do not have such quality.


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